When your heart beats, it pumps blood round your body to give it the energy and oxygen it needs. As the blood moves, it pushes against the sides of the blood vessels. The strength of this pushing is your blood pressure. If your blood pressure is too high, it puts
extra strain on your arteries (and your heart) and this may lead to heart attacks and strokes.

Blood pressure is a key index that indicates heart functions and possible diagnosis of serious underlying illnesses like heart failure and chronic kidney diseases.

This index can be affected by many factors ranging from our day to day activities to severe illnesses. Here are some of the factors that can cause a possible increase in blood pressure.


Smoking cigarettes cause deposition of sooth on the endothelial lining of the lungs mucosa, hence depressing the cellular respiratory mechanism.

This leads to an increased workload on the heart to circulate oxygenated blood to the whole body and therefore causes a rise in blood pressure.
An increase in your blood pressure may indicate that you need to quit smoking to reduce the risk of cardiac disorders and stroke.

Another risk factor for high blood pressure is diabetes, especially Type II diabetes.
The body fails to utilize glucose from the blood and uses fats to generate energy instead, leading to the production of ketoacids which could predispose to high blood pressure.
Regular alcohol intake seems to have a remarkable adverse effect on our blood pressure.
The body regulates the blood pressure through a mechanism called the Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone mechanism, alcohol in the blood distorts this mechanism and the body fails to regulate the blood pressure.
Intake of Excess Salts
The most common salts in our diet are Sodium Chloride increased sodium in our blood causes increased water retention in the body to strike a balance with the salt content.

Increased water retention increases the total blood volume, causing high blood pressure.

Avoiding the risks

The principal ways to ensure that you regulate your blood pressure include

Healthy Lifestyle

– Cut down on smoking and alcohol intake

-Routine exercise and physical activity
Healthy Diet

-A diet containing less sodium chloride and sugars go a long way in ensuring your blood pressure is in check

Regular medical checkup

– Routine blood pressure level checks

See your doctor for a blood pressure reading regularly, If you’re age 40 or older, or you’re 18 to 39 with a high risk of high blood pressure.

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